Ayurveda (the science of life) is a comprehensive system of health care of great antiquity, based on experiential knowledge and grown with perpetual additions. Original dimensions of Ayurveda are inbuilt in the ancient compendia of Indian wisdom called Vedas, which are believed to be documented around 6000 years back. Rigveda and Atharvaveda are replete with information on health and maladies and their management with natural modes and modalities. The knowledge expanded further with laying down the fundamentals and concepts of Ayurveda and systematization in classical texts like Charak Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Astang Sangrah. Present form of Ayurveda is the outcome of continued scientific inputs that has gone in to the evolution of its principles, theories and guidelines of healthy living and disease management. Considering health of an individual as dynamic integration of environment, body, mind and spirit, Ayurveda lays great emphasis on preservation and promotion of health and preventing the occurrence of disease. It deals with both the preventive and curative aspects of life – with a holistic approach that covers the physical, mental, social, moral and spiritual welfare of the individual.
One of the key reason behind the abiding success of Ayurveda, has been its use of natively available natural herbs and material to cure ailments and rejuvenate health. Their proper use can alleviate various common health problems and ailments.
RECOGNITION AND STRENGTH
Ayurveda attributes primary importance to preventive medicine and the maintenance of positive health. The major preventive approaches for maintaining and improving the quality of life include individualized specific daily regimen (Dinacharya), seasonal regimen (Ritucharya), behavioral and ethical considerations (Sadvritta). Healthy lifestyle is emphasized as the determinant of longevity of life, which by and large depends on the Prakriti (bio-identity i.e. body-mind constitution) of an individual. Proper understanding of Prakriti leads the physician in making right diagnosis, prognosis and treatment plan and in guiding patients as well as disease-free individuals what dos and don’ts they need to follow for restoration and maintenance of health.
As per a study, 65% of population of India is reported to use Ayurveda and medicinal plants to help meet their primary health care needs. Besides, synergy of ingredients in conjunction with individualized Prakriti-based treatment plan forms the basis of efficacy and safety of Ayurvedic formulations.
In the current scenario, use of Ayurveda has expanded globally and is continued to be used for primary health-care of the poor in India and in certain other developing countries where conventional medicine is predominant in the national health care system. With the growing use of Ayurveda and its pharmaceutical sector, the safety and efficacy as well as quality control concerns of both regulatory authorities and the public are being addressed systematically.