One of the major concerns in our world is rapid deforestation of our Mother Earth. An estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest, which is roughly the size of the country of Panama, are lost each year, according to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Deforestation is considered to be one of the contributing factors to global climate change. The deforestation of trees not only lessens the amount of carbon stored, it also releases carbon dioxide into the air. This is because when trees die, they release the stored carbon. According to the 2010 Global Forest Resources Assessment, deforestation releases nearly a billion tons of carbon into the atmosphere per year. Deforestation is the second largest anthropogenic (human-caused) source of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, ranging between 6 percent and 17 percent. (Van Der Werf, G. R. et al., 2009).
Some other statistics:
- About half of the world's tropical forests have been cleared (FAO)
- Forests currently cover about 30 percent of the world’s land mass (National Geographic)
- Forest loss contributes between 6 percent and 12 percent of annual global carbon dioxide emissions (Nature Geoscience)
- About 36 football fields worth of trees lost every minute (World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
Seeing the massive deforestation, Lakshyam Herbs have pledged to contribute to the Greener planet by planting trees.
During planation drive, Lakshyam Herbs plant CAM plants (Crassulacean Acid Metabolism) & neem plants.
Benefits of CAM plantation (Crassulacean Acid Metabolism):
Most plants largely uptake Carbon dioxide (CO2) and release oxygen during the day (photosynthesis) and uptake oxygen and release CO2 during the night (respiration). However, CAM plants can uptake CO2 during the night as well because of their ability to perform a type of photosynthesis called Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM).
Some of the Plants that gives off Oxygen at night are:
Benefits of Neem plantation:
Neem is one of the wonder trees originated in India. It has an importance in agriculture, veterinary, cosmetics & medicines. Neem is an eco-friendly and natural source of phyto-chemicals and nutrients. The best part of the neem tree is, they can be grown in any soils including rocky soils. They are hardy and resistant to drought conditions. They can also be grown in both tropical and sub-tropical regions. This tree has deep root system and has wide spreading branches mostly with white flowers.
In Ayurveda, neem has lot of importance and considered as “Sarva Roga Nivarini” which means, universal cure of all diseases. Neem tree releases higher amount of oxygen than other trees during the day. Neem trees increase the soil fertility and water retaining/holding capacity. Apart from this, neem trees can change the acidic soils to neutral ones.
Health benefits of Neem products:
- Boosts immune system
- Good for oral health/teeth health and removes bad breath
- Removes acne and helps in skin diseases, fungal infections, removes pimples
- Improves hair health
- Reduces diabetes
- Neem helps in detoxifying the blood
- Used extensively in cosmetics industry
Benefits of Neem Manure:
- Eco friendly and Bio Degradable
- Nourishes the soil and plants by providing all the nutrients
- Helps to eliminate bacteria responsible for denitrifying the soil
- Increases the yield of crops
- Helps to reduce the usage of fertilizer, thus reducing the cost of growing plants
- Anti-feedant properties helps to reduce the number and growth of insects and pests
Benefits of Neem Pesticides:
- Nourishes the soil as it is non-toxic and environmental friendly
- Can be used in combination with other pesticide and oil for more effectiveness
- Instead of killing pest, it affects the life cycle of the pests. Pests generally do not develop a resistance to neem based pesticides
- Neem pesticides are generally water soluble and help in the growth of the plants
- Acts as pest repellent and pest reproduction controller
Neem Plantation methods:
- Probability of germination is very higher in fresh seeds. Therefore ensure fresh seeds are used for neem plantation as older seeds often do not germinate
- The seeds may be sown directly into the ground. Two to three seeds are placed together about 1 cm deep in loose soil
- After germination, only the strongest plant should be retained
- When planting a large number, it is advisable to cultivate young plants first in pots, trays or plastic bags. After 3 months, they should be transplanted into the ground
- When using bags or pots care should be taken that the plants are not allowed to develop to a stage where the tap root has pierced the bottom and has to be shortened before transplantation. This weakens the trees and substantially slows their growth
- The Neem grows on almost all types of soils including clayey, saline and alkaline soils, but does well on black cotton soil and deep, well-drained soil with good sub-soil water. It thrives well on dry, stony, shallow soils and even on soils having hard calcareous or clay pan, at a shallow depth. The tree improves the soil fertility and water-holding capacity
- Neem tree needs plenty of sunlight and very little water. It cannot withstand water-logged areas and poorly drained soils
- The Neem grows slowly during the first year of planting. Young neem plants cannot tolerate intensive shade, frost or excessive cold. A Neem tree normally begins to bear fruit between 3 and 5 years and becomes fully productive in 10 years
- Neem tree has an estimated productive life span of 150 – 200 years